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       Conag - Cönek – Conak – Sarıtosun

        The original people call their village Conag. The Turkish name is Cönek and until 1959 this was the official name of the village. In later years the names in the village were turned into Turkish names, and therefore the original name Conag first became Cönek and later Sarıtosun. Because the villagers did not except the new names, there were intense discussions over the name changes. The name Sarıtosun is still not accepted nor used by the village inhabitants.



  Sarıtosun (Conag)

In the area the old names ate still used for almost all villages. The name changes is a common problem for the villages in the area. The name Sarıtosun is only used in official documents and with state officals.

Conag’s hauses

   In the 1960s and 1970s Conag had only 120 houses. At present there are only 40 houses that people live in and that are still fit for inhabitation. Only old people live in the village continuously. In the winter almost no one under 50 years old lives here. Most houses are old stone houses. In the eighties the old roofs were replaced for new roofs made from metallblech, because a lack of man power made it impossible for the old people to clear the roofs from snow during the winter. Although the view on the village suffers from this, the …roofs have protected the houses from decay. One of the main reasons why people use …roofs is that the material is much cheaper than other materials.

         Conag’s houses are made of stone. Especially the cornerstones in the walls are an excellent example of a particular building style that requires a lot of intensive labour. In building the walls one uses loam in between the stones, because in the period before 1965, when these houses were built there were no roads and so no opportunities to bring mortar into the village. In the past few years, in renovating the houses, and strengthening the walls mortar was used between the stones. Although the houses are made of stone and loam, the houses survived the great earthquake with its centre in Erzincan, Varto and Bingol without damage. This is because the stone walls are very thick and are optimal Dehnungseigenschaften. Moreover many houses are built on a stone underground, so they are firmly founded. In Conag the traditional way of building is kept, but in the surrounding villages new houses are built from concrete. This is because stone walled houses are more expensive and builders for this type of building work can no longer be found.

Pozik district, view from Xoydanan

The house of family Naz

The house of that family Gürkan

 
      
 The white paint on the houses was first put on the houses in the eighties at the orders of the military (during the in the region). Since 1982 there is electricity in Conag and a telephone connection. Although the road leads into the village centre, cars can not enter the village of 6-7 months. This makes the situation for the elderly people and the ill very hard. Until 2002 there were hardly any investments in Conag. The reasons for this were that there was no stability in the region and not peace. The village people carried water into their homes from a well that was built in 1965. In 2002 the project ‘Roads, water and sewerage’ was started. Notwithstanding all problems the village people could realize this project largely with their own means. Today there is drinking water in each house. The further displacement and extension of drainpipes into Conag’s valley and the distillation of the water was not yet realized due to a lack of money.

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